Galapagos Islands

The Youngest Island in the Galapagos: Fernandina

The Galapagos Islands is a place full of wonder. Its newest island Fernandina, is still being formed by the island’s own active volcano. However, this unique and special destination is worth visiting. Below we share some of the history and makings of this Island.

Remarkable Geological Formation

Fernandina Island has awesome volcanic rock formations. It is actually famous for its continuing series of volcanic eruptions. Similar to the formation of Hawaii, the Galapagos archipelago is made up by cone-shaped holes that were formed when magma was pressurized onto earth’s surface. This eventually accumulated and formed what we know today as volcanoes. Slowly, these volcanoes released magma at different points on the surface, giving life to the Galapagos Islands. In the case of Fernandina Island, this cycle is still active. Fernandina has one active volcano named La Cumbre, which has a shield similar to Hawaiian volcanoes. It is currently the most active volcano in the Galapagos.

What to do & see

Because Fernandina is the youngest island  of the Galapagos, there’s currently only one site for visitors on the island called Punta Espinoz. Thanks to this, the island is home to many species including penguins and flightless cormorants. Together with the Isabella Island, they have the largest land iguana population in Galápagos. The island is also home to to sally lightfoot crabs, Galapagos hawks, Galapagos sea lions, and racer snakes.

The island coastlines are breathtaking as there are cracks all over the lava. If you wanna spot some cool wildlife, you can hike along Punta Espinoza. Unfortunately, because of the Island’s volcanic activity, there’s a lack of vegetation so lava cactus is the only type of vegetation you will find on the island.

Threats

For the moment, Fernandina Island doesn’t have any invasive species. However, there are two species of rice rats that are endemic. The greatest threat to the island is the potential introductions of aggressive species. Just like the other islands, locals fear that this island will be invaded by non-native species. However, new systems to detect new species have been implemented to prevent any disruption of the ecosystem.


Dying to see Fernindina Island? Come visit us and get to know yet another astonishing island in the Galapagos. Plan a trip and stay at the newest Puerto Ayora hotel. We offer unmatched amenities and premium service. Enjoy the Galapagos Islands in style and comfort in Ikala Galapagos Hotel!